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The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued the "Technical Guidance for Animal Husbandry to Deal with Cold Wave and Blizzard Weather"

Category: Technical Information

The cold wave in many places has arrived. From November 27, the temperature in most parts of northern and central and eastern China will drop by 10 ℃ to 16 ℃, and the temperature drop in some areas can reach more than 18 ℃. In order to cope with the possible impact of large-scale and large-scale cooling on animal husbandry, on November 30, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued the "Technical Guidance for Animal Husbandry to Deal with Cold Wave and Blizzard Weather", the full text is as follows.


Technical Guidance for Animal Husbandry to Deal with Cold Wave and Blizzard Weather

Recently, under the influence of strong cold air, China has experienced a large-scale cold wave cooling process from north to south, which is still continuing. This time, the temperature drop was large, and the rain, snow and windy weather affected a wide range, which brought adverse effects to the production of animal husbandry. There were also heavy snowstorms in Xinjiang and other places, which caused great difficulties for livestock to transfer and overwintering. In order to effectively deal with cold wave weather, ensure the safety of livestock and poultry through the winter, and minimize disaster losses, the following technical measures are proposed.

(I) strengthen and repair livestock and poultry sheds.

Immediately conduct a comprehensive inspection and reinforcement of livestock and poultry sheds, water, electricity and other infrastructure equipment, focusing on the investigation of old sheds with hidden dangers, and timely transfer of livestock and poultry to prevent collapse accidents. If the enclosure damaged by the disaster is difficult to repair for a while, it is necessary to use local materials and use tree branches, corn stalks, film and other materials to build simple enclosure. Clean up the snow in time to reduce the load-bearing capacity of livestock and poultry sheds and prevent human and animal injuries caused by heavy snow collapse.

(II) keep warm and antifreeze.

Timely purchase cold-proof and warm-keeping facilities and equipment, reasonably adopt enclosure sealing measures, and keep livestock and poultry warm for winter. Cattle and sheep houses and open pig and poultry houses should be hung with straw curtains or covered with plastic film to increase the temperature in the houses. At the same time, the livestock and poultry house can be ventilated during the high temperature period during the day to keep the air in the house fresh and prevent the occurrence of respiratory diseases.

(III) strengthen feeding management.

Do a good job of feed nutrition control, improve the ability of livestock and poultry to keep out the cold. Under the premise of ensuring the comprehensive nutrition of feed, the appropriate amount of energy feed (such as corn, oil, etc.) should be added to the livestock and poultry diet, which can be increased by about 10% on the original basis to ensure energy consumption and improve the ability of livestock and poultry to keep out the cold. You can also add some multi-dimensional, electrolyte and other anti-stress agents and immune enhancers to reduce stress response. Feed should be carefully checked before feeding, not moldy feed to feed livestock and poultry, to prevent poisoning. Pay attention to drinking water hygiene, try to provide warm water to livestock and poultry, and avoid digestive tract diseases such as infectious gastroenteritis and abortion of pregnant animals caused by drinking snow water.

(IV) strengthen forage stock and livestock and poultry sales.

Prepare enough feed, agricultural film and other materials, and do a good job of emergency materials such as feed, heating fuel, vaccines, disinfection drugs, disinfection facilities, rescue tools, etc., to prevent the shortage of feed and other materials caused by road damage and transportation interruption. Pastoral areas should conduct a comprehensive investigation and accurately grasp the situation of forage reserves and gaps. For the existence of forage reserve gap, to actively contact the surrounding areas, coordination of forage transportation and short distance walking and other matters. In view of the possible difficulties in the transportation of forage and other inputs and livestock and poultry, it is necessary to organize the connection of production and marketing, smooth transportation and sales channels, and maintain the normal production order of animal husbandry.

(V) do a good job in animal epidemic prevention.

Strict implementation of the farm biosafety management system, timely livestock and poultry, breeding sites, the surrounding environment disinfection source. Pay close attention to the dynamics of the epidemic, do a good job of livestock and poultry immunization and supplement work, strengthen the epidemic inspection. In the event of a major animal disease, it shall be reported to the local animal husbandry and veterinary department in a timely manner, and measures such as culling and harmless treatment shall be strictly implemented to prevent the spread. In the near future, special attention should be paid to the prevention of cattle and sheep foot-and-mouth disease, African swine fever, avian influenza, infectious gastroenteritis, epidemic diarrhea and other diseases. Timely harmless treatment of dead livestock and poultry and pollutants can be used to sprinkle quicklime deep pit landfill or incineration to ensure a stable animal epidemic after the disaster.